Thanks to the efforts of various charities, huge tented communities have been set up in Haiti. Survivors of the earthquake and tremors are making the most of their new life under canvas, which, as Christine Finn finds, could be home for a long time to come.
Madame Elizabeth Pierre is wearing heels.
In days touring tented villages in earthquake-hit Haiti she is the first person I have seen wearing anything other than sensible flat shoes or flip-flops to cope with this unstable terrain. Madame Elizabeth is the community leader of a camp in Port au Prince. Her heels and a neat pink handbag, were "cadeaux - gifts," she tells me. Of course, the people all
around me are either wearing the clothes they had on when the earthquake hit, or donated ones. Madame Elizabeth's turn-out was a nod to normality after the ordinariness of domestic life had been destroyed in
less than a minute.
Until 12 January, Madame Elizabeth was a kindergarten teacher. Now she is living in a tent and overseeing her
village of extended families, sharing their concerns over drinking water, latrines, and night-time raids by robbers.
I am touring the tented sites with Deidre Grant of the Irish NGO, Haven - shelter experts already working in Haiti when the earthquake struck. There are improvised neighbourhoods everywhere you look. They range from shanty-towns grown out of salvaged wood and curtains, to lines of donated geodesic domes, as neat as a Scouts' jamboree.
Some people still have their old neighbors as neighbors under canvas. For others, it's a whole new community.
By day, the men go looking for work, or guard their ruined property. The women cook, mind the children, sweep out the tents. The children tend to those younger than them, carry water, and rice bags.
For Haitians, tended hair is a sign of retained dignity
At a Turkish Red Crescent camp, we distribute hygiene kits, which include shampoo. At every site, I see women braiding hair, and barbers trimming. For Haitians, tended hair, rather
than make-up, is a sign of retained dignity. Kamel, the camp's
organiser, was part of the relief team for the 1999 Turkish earthquake. He shows me around the neat streets of pristine cream tents. His
"five star" camp has four basketball teams. Kamel hopes his team - "Haitian 50 cents team" as he calls them - could play against other camps. He proudly explains his site had once been a garbage dump.
He had it cleared, constructed a wall for security, and pitched 166 tents.
Kamel introduces me to the psychologist on his team: "Women," he tells me, "are more seriously affected by the earthquake because when it happened, in late afternoon, so many of them were at home."
I look at the touching signs of domesticity - earthquake rubble fashioning a kind of front yard, boulders used to demarcate a
wall, women proudly brushing their space with brooms.
Tents are a safe haven from the many aftershocks
Kamel said many are calling their tent their house: "Now, I'd like to show you a special one," he said, stopping in front of an outdoor kitchen where Madame Faviola is cooking. I am ushered inside. Madame has installed a carpet, and fashioned a bedroom space with deep pink netting, and a chain of paper hibiscus blooms. A wind-up radio is playing ballads.
Furniture, salvaged from the wreckage of her home, includes a sideboard on which are arranged precious things, gathered from the rubble, including framed baby photos, and tiny china ornaments.
Kitchen utensils are neatly arrayed underneath. Everything is spotless.
Tented villages are only meant to be temporary, but many of the people I meet say that with the continuing aftershocks they feel safer out in the open - as I found out over two nights of "mild" quakes - magnitude 4.7 or so - while staying with the
Haven team at their "safe" house in the suburbs.
I lie rigid with fear as the building shudders, lurches, and sways. I had given away my
tent but wish I, too, was out in the open. Indoors, 10 seconds seems an eternity.
People in the camps tell me the next day they had stirred at the new tremors, then slept on, safe in these brave, new communities formed out of disaster. Where home-made kites fly alongside Haitian flags, washing dries on lines strung between tents, footballs are driven into makeshift goals, spaghetti bubbles in outside pots, and people gather for church services on Sundays, dressed in dazzling whites - and heels, if they have them.